2016年06月英语四级第1套听力原文及题目

2016年06月英语四级第1套听力原文及题目

2016年06月英语四级第1套听力原文及题目

Section A
Direction: In this section, you will hear three news reports. At the end of each news report, you will hear two or three questions. Both the news report and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

News Report 1
The International Labour Organization says the number of people without jobs is increasing. In its latest update on Global Employment Trends, the agency says projections of the number of unemployed people this year range from 210 million to nearly 240 million people. The report warns that 200 million poor workers are at risk of joining the ranks of people living on less than 2 dollars per day in the past three years. The director general of the International Labour Organization, Juan Somavia, notes that some countries have taken measures to address the effects of the global crisis. However, he points out that many countries have not done so. And based on past experiences, it takes four to five years after economic recovery for unemployment to return to pre-crisis levels. Mr. Somavia says the International Labour Organization is proposing a global jobs’ agreement to deal with unemployment. “Its key objective is to place the center of recovery efforts, measures that would generate higher levels of employment and provide basic social protection for the most vulnerable.”
Questions 1 and 2 are based on the news report you have just heard.
Question 1: What is the news report mainly about?
Question 2: What does, Juan Somavia, director general of the International Labour Organization, say?

1.
A) The International Labor Organization’s key objective.
B) The basic social protection for the most vulnerable.
C) Rising unemployment worldwide.
D) Global economic recovery.

2.
A) Many countries have not taken measures to create enough jobs.
B) Few countries know how to address the current economic crisis.
C) Few countries have realized the seriousness of the current crisis.
D) Many countries need support to improve their people’s livelihood.

News Report 2
Big fast-food chains in New York City have started to obey a first-of-its-kind rule requiring them to post calorie counts right on the menu. Cathy Nonas is with the New York City Department of Health. “We wanted to give people an opportunity to actually see the calories before they purchase the food and make a decision, an informed decision, that if they want to make the healthier choice, if they want to eat fewer calories, they can. And we expect this will have a huge impact on obesity. And of course, if it has an impact on obesity, it will have an impact on diabetes, and heart disease, and high blood pressure.” The new rules were introduced as part of an anti-obesity campaign that also includes a recent citywide ban on artificial trans-fats in restaurant food. The menu rule only applies to restaurants that serve standardized portion sizes and have 15 or more locations nationwide. Starting last Saturday, chains big enough to fall under the rule will face penalties of up to 2000 dollars for not showing calorie information in a prominent spot on their menus, preferably next to the price.
Questions 3 and 4 are based on the news report you have just heard.
Question 3: What are big fast food chains in New York City required to do according to the new rule?
Question 4: What will happen to big restaurant chains that violate the new rule?

3.
A) Serve standardized food nationwide.
B) Put calorie information on the menu.
C) Increase protein content in the food.
D) Offer convenient food to customers.

4.
A) They will be fined.
B) They will be closed.
C) They will get a warning.
D) They will lose customers.

News Report 3
Almost all companies recognize the importance of innovation today. But not many are able to integrate innovation into their business. A commentary in the Shanghai Daily points out that innovation doesn’t mean piles of documents. It is something more practical. The article says many people tend to assume that innovation just means creating something new, but actually it’s more than that. It’s an attitude of doing things. A company should find ways to innovate not just in products but also in functions, business models and processes. The article cites the global giant Procter & Gamble as an example, saying a real innovative company should develop an innovation culture and use it as a primary tool for success. Procter & Gamble has a “Corporate Innovation Fund” which offers big rewards for high-risk ideas that succeed. It also has a special innovation facility for its employees. Sometimes its employees are released from their daily jobs for weeks and spend their time interacting in the innovation facility instead. In conclusion, the article says innovative ideas alone do not ensure success. It’s pointless unless there is repeatable process in place to turn inspiration into financial performance.
Questions 5 and 7 are based on the news report you have just heard.
Question 5: What is the problem with many companies according to the news report?
Question 6: What do many people tend to think of innovation?
Question 7: What does the company Procter & Gamble owe its success to?

5.
A) Inability to implement their business plans.
B) Inability to keep turning out novel products.
C) Lack of a successful business model of their own.
D) Failure to integrate innovation into their business.

6.
A) It is the secret to business success.
B) It is the creation of something new.
C) It is a magic tool to bring big rewards.
D) It is an essential part of business culture.

7.
A) Its hardworking employees.
B) Its flexible promotion strategy.
C) Its innovation culture.
D) Its willingness to make investments.

Section B
Direction: In this section, you will hear two long conversations. At the end of each conversation, you will hear four questions. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

Conversation 1
M: So, Lyndsay, do you like to text message on your cell phone?
W: Yeah, I text message a lot.
M: I don’t do it so much. I prefer to make a call if I’m in a hurry.
W: Yeah, I go both ways. Sometimes I don’t really want to talk to the person. I just want to ask them one question, so it’s much easier for me just to text message. If I call them, I’ll have to have a long conversation.
M: Yeah, I can see what you mean. But I get off the phone pretty quickly when I call. I’m not a big talker.
W: Yeah, that’s true. You don’t talk a lot.
M: So are you fast at writing the messages with your thumb?
W: Well, when I first got a cell phone, I was so slow. I thought I would never text message. But then people kept text messaging me, so I felt obliged to learn how to text message. So now I’m pretty fast. What about you?
M: Actually I have the opposite problem. When I first got my cell phone, I thought it was so cool to text message all my friends who have one, and I was pretty fast with my thumb then. But it seems like now I don’t use it so much, I’ve got slower actually.
W: Yeah, I think text messaging actually sort of has to do with your age. For example, people in high school, they text message a lot. But I ask my father if he text messages, and guess what he said?
M: What?
W: He said he never text messaged. He thinks it’s very childish and unprofessional to text message.
M: Yeah, I can see what he means. It’s considered pretty informal to text message someone.
Questions 8 to 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
Question 8: What does the man say about himself?
Question 9: What does the woman tend to do while she is on the phone?
Question 10: Why did the man text message all his friends when he first got his cell phone?
Question 11: What does the Woman’s father think of text messaging?

8.
A) He’s got addicted to technology.
B) He is not very good at socializing.
C) He is crazy about text-messaging.
D) He does not talk long on the phone.

9.
A) Talk big.
B) Talk at length.
C) Gossip a lot.
D) Forget herself.

10.
A) He thought it was cool.
B) He needed the practice.
C) He wanted to stay connected with them.
D) He had an urgent message to send.

11.
A) It poses a challenge to seniors.
B) It saves both time and money.
C) It is childish and unprofessional.
D) It is cool and convenient.

Conversation 2
W: Good morning, Mr. Johnson. How can I help you?
M: Well, I’d like to talk to you about Tim Bond, the department manager.
W: What seems to be the problem?
M: Well, ever since Sandra left the department, I feel like I’ve been targeted to do all her work as well as mine. I’m expected to attend too many meetings and I seem to be spending a lot of my time doing unnecessary paperwork.
W: I’m sorry to hear that.
M: And, on top of that, I’d specifically asked if I could leave early last Friday as I’d done a lot of overtime during the week. But that afternoon, even though I’d finished my assigned work, I was told to help other colleagues finish their work, too.
W: But surely that’s a positive sign showing that Mr. Bond has a lot of trust in you.
M: Yes, but other colleagues get to leave early, and they don’t have such a lot of work to do.
W: So you feel he’s been making unrealistic demands on you?
M: Yes, absolutely.
W: Have you approached Mr. Bond about this particular problem?
M: I’ve tried, but it seems like he just has no time for me.
W: Well, at this stage, it would be better if you approached him directly. If nothing else showing that you’ve tried to solve the problem yourself, before you take it farther, makes it clear that you’re not just a complainer. Why don’t you send an email requesting a meeting with him in private?
M: Hmm, I’ve been a bit worried about his reaction. But anyway I’ll send him an email to request a meeting, and I’ll see what happens from there. Thanks for your advice.
W: Good luck and let us know the outcome.
Questions 12 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
Question 12: What do we learn about the man from the conversation?
Question 13: What is the man’s chief complaint?
Question 14: How does the woman interpret the fact that the man was asked to help his colleagues with their work?
Question 15: What did the woman advise the man to do?

12.
A) He wants to change his job assignment.
B) He is unhappy with his department manager.
C) He thinks he deserves extra pay for overtime.
D) He is often singled out for criticism by his boss.

13.
A) His workload was much too heavy.
B) His immediate boss did not trust him.
C) His colleagues often refused to cooperate.
D) His salary was too low for his responsibility.

14.
A) He never knows how to refuse.
B) He is always ready to help others.
C) His boss has a lot of trust in him.
D) His boss has no sense of fairness.

15.
A) Put all his complaints in writing.
B) Wait and see what happens next.
C) Learn to say no when necessary.
D) Talk to his boss in person first.

Section C
Direction: In this section, you will hear three passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear three or four questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

Passage 1
The massive decline in sleep happened so slowly and quietly that few seemed to notice the trend. Was it because of the growing attraction of the Internet, video games and endless TV channels? Never disconnecting from work? No matter how it happened, millions of Americans are putting their health, quality of life and even length of life in danger. New evidence shows why getting enough sleep is a top priority. Some 40 percent of Americans get less than seven hours of shut-eye on weeknights. “The link between sleep and health, and bad sleep and disease, is becoming clearer and clearer,” says Lawrence Epstein, a sleep expert at Harvard University. For example, sleep duration has declined from some eight hours in the 1950s to seven in recent years. At the same time, high blood pressure has become an increasing problem. Blood pressure and heart rate are typically at their lowest levels during sleep; people who sleep less tend to have higher blood pressure, heart attack, diabetes, weight gain and other problems. Sleeping better may help fight off illness. “When people are sleep-deprived, there are higher levels of stress hormones in their bodies, which can decrease immune function,” says Dr. Phyllis Zee of Northwestern University in Chicago. A University of Chicago study shows people who sleep well live longer. So say good night sooner, and it may help you stay active and vital to a ripe old age.
Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard.
Question 16: What is the speaker mainly talking about?
Question 17: What do we learn from the talk about today’s Americans?
Question 18: What does the speaker say will happen to people who lack sleep?

16.
A) The importance of sleep to a healthy life.
B) Reasons for Americans’ decline in sleep.
C) Some tips to improve the quality of sleep.
D) Diseases associated with lack of sleep.

17.
A) They are more health-conscious.
B) They are changing their living habits.
C) They get less and less sleep.
D) They know the dangers of lack of sleep.

18.
A) Their weight will go down.
B) Their mind function will deteriorate.
C) Their work efficiency will decrease.
D) Their blood pressure will rise.

Passage 2
Parents and teachers will tell you not to worry when applying for a place at university. But in the same breath will remind you that it is the most important decision of your life. The first decision is your choice of course. It will depend on what you want to get out of university, what you are good at and what you enjoy. The next decision is where to apply. Aim high but within reason. Do you have the right combination of subjects and are your expected grades likely to meet entry requirements? The deadline is January 15th. But it is best to submit your application early because universities begin work as soon as forms start rolling in. The most important part of the application is the much feared personal statement. This is your chance to convey boundless enthusiasm for the subject. So economy of expression is foremost. Omit dull and ineffective generalities and make sure you give concrete examples. Admissions officers read every personal statement that arrives. It is not convincing if you say you have chosen the subject because you enjoy it. You have to get across what it is about a particular area that has inspired you. They will look for evidence that you have reflected and thought about the subject. Applicants should be honest. There is no point saying you run marathons, if you are going to be out of breath arriving at the interview on the second floor.
Questions 19 to 21 are based on the passage you have just heard.
Question 19: What is the first decision you should make in preparing to apply for a place at university?
Question 20: What is the most important part of the application?
Question 21: What must applicants do in their personal statements?

19.
A) How much you can afford to pay.
B) What course you are going to choose.
C) Which university you are going to apply to.
D) When you are going to submit your application.

20.
A) The list of courses studied.
B) The full record of scores.
C) The references from teachers.
D) The personal statement.

21.
A) Specify what they would like to do after graduation.
B) Describe in detail how much they would enjoy studying.
C) Indicate they have reflected and thought about the subject.
D) Emphasize that they admire the professors in the university.

Passage 3
It is usually agreed that a German, Carl Benz, built the first motor car in 1885. It was actually a tricycle with a petrol motor at the rear. Soon, members of the Royal family and other wealthy people took up motoring as a sport. Many of the early cars had 2 seats. There were no petrol pumps and few garages, so every driver had to be his own engineer for the frequent breakdowns. By 1905, cars began to look like cars of today, with headlamps, windscreen, rubber tyres and number plates. Henry Ford’s “Model T”, introduced in America in 1909, was cheaper because it was made on the assembly line. It brought cars closer towards the reach of “ordinary people”. With the popularity of the car, registration became a must in 1903 with the Motor Car Act. Competency tests were introduced in 1935. Today, the legal driving age for a car in the UK is seventeen. You are not allowed to drive a car unsupervised until you have passed a driving test. In 1958, Britain celebrated the opening of its first motorway—the Preston bypass. Until then, no one really understood what a motorway was, not even the labourers who were building it. The bypass hailed a new era in motor travel and was greeted with excitement and optimism. Service stations came with the motorway and the legend of the transport cafe was born. Of course, the service station has diversified greatly. But whether it’s an English cooked breakfast or a coffee and sandwich, one thing has remained the same: the prices.
Questions 22 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.
Question 22: What does the speaker say about the first motor car?
Question 23: What was the problem with the early cars in Britain?
Question 24: Why did Henry Ford’s “Model T” cars cost less?
Question 25: What do we learn about the Preston bypass?

22.
A) It was equipped with rubber tyres.
B) It was built in the late 19th century.
C) It was purchased by the Royal family.
D) It was designed by an English engineer.

23.
A) They consumed lots of petrol.
B) They took two passengers only.
C) They were difficult to drive.
D) They often broke down.

24.
A) They were produced on the assembly line.
B) They were built with less costly materials.
C) They were modeled after British cars.
D) They were made for ordinary use.

25.
A) It made news all over the world.
B) It was built for the Royal family.
C) It marked a new era in motor travel.
D) It attracted large numbers of motorists.

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2016年06月英语四级第2套听力原文及题目

2016年06月英语四级第2套听力原文及题目

Section A
Direction: In this section, you will hear three news reports. At the end of each news report, you will hear two or three questions. Both the news report and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

News Report 1
You probably think college students are experts at sleeping. But parties, preparations for tests, personal problems and general stress can wreck a student’s sleep habits, which can be bad for the body and the mind. Texas Tech University is even offering a class called “Improving Your Sleep Habits”. People suffering from sleep loss are adding increased risk from obesity, psychological problems and car crashes. Students who don’t get enough sleep have poorer attendance and lower grades. On top of all that, a new study published in the journal Learning & Memory finds you are probably better off sleeping than making last-minute preparations for a test. Two hundred college kids were taught to play some unfamiliar video games. Subjects who learned the games in the morning lost some skills when they played again 12 hours later, but they did much better after getting a good night sleep. So, if you really want to do your job well, don’t forget to get some sleep.
Questions 1 and 2 are based on the news report you have just heard.
Question 1: What is the news report mainly about?
Question 2: What is the finding of the new study published in the journal Learning & Memory?

1.
A) How college students can improve their sleep habits.
B) Why sufficient sleep is important for college students.
C) Why college students are more likely to have stress problems.
D) How college students can handle their psychological problems.

2.
A) It is not easy to improve one’s sleep habits.
B) It is not good for students to play video games.
C) Students who are better prepared generally get higher scores in examinations.
D) Making last-minute preparations for tests may be less effective than sleeping.

News Report 2
Long queues, delayed flights and overcrowding at airports have become almost as much a topic for conversation in Britain as the traditional complaining about the weather. Meanwhile, there are complaints that poor service at London’s major airports is discouraging foreigners from doing business in Britain. Much of the criticism is directed at the British Airports Authority, which runs seven major airports, including the three main ones serving London. The Competition Commission is now to investigate whether the British Airports Authority needs to sell off some of its assets. The idea is that competition between rival operators would lead to better service at airports. The British Airports Authority, recently bought by a Spanish company, says the root cause of the problem is not the ownership structure but a lack of runway and terminal capacity, which it is addressing through a program of heavy investment.
Questions 3 and 4 are based on the news report you have just heard.
Question 3: What is the Competition Commission going to investigate?
Question 4: What is the root cause of the poor service at British airports according to the British Airports Authority?

3.
A) Whether more airports should be built around London.
B) Whether adequate investment is being made to improve airport facilities.
C) Whether the British Airports Authority should sell off some of its assets.
D) Whether the Spanish company could offer better service.

4.
A) Inefficient management.
B) Poor ownership structure.
C) Lack of innovation and competition.
D) Lack of runway and terminal capacity.

News Report 3
Under the law in Massachusetts, tobacco companies have to measure the nicotine content of every type of cigarette and report the results. The Department of Public Health in Boston gathers and carefully examines the figures and then draws its conclusion. A hundred and sixteen brands were looked at for the study. Ninety two were found to have higher nicotine yields than they did six years previously. The biggest increases tended to be in brands that were popular with young smokers. That worries the department because of the addictive nature of nicotine. Stand Glance, a professor of medicine in San Francisco, explains why: “The amount of nicotine that is delivered in every cigarette is ten percent higher than it was six year ago, which means that is easier to get hooked and harder to quit. The big tobacco companies have always insisted that they are frank with their customers about the dangers of smoking and provide them with enough detail to make an informed decision. However, none of them were prepared to comment on this study or discuss the detailed nicotine content of their products.”
Questions 5 to 7 are based on the news report you have just heard.
Question 5: What do tobacco companies have to do under the law in Massachusetts?
Question 6: What do we learn from the study by the Department of Public Health in Boston?
Question 7: What do we learn from the news report about the big tobacco companies?

5.
A) Report the nicotine content of their cigarettes.
B) Set a limit to the production of their cigarettes.
C) Take steps to reduce nicotine in their products.
D) Study the effects of nicotine on young smokers.

6.
A) The biggest increase in nicotine content tended to be in brands young smokers like.
B) Big tobacco companies were frank with their customers about the hazards of smoking.
C) Brands which contain higher nicotine content were found to be much more popular.
D) Tobacco companies refused to discuss the detailed nicotine content of their products.

7.
A) They promised to reduce the nicotine content in cigarettes.
B) They have not fully realized the harmful effect of nicotine.
C) They were not prepared to comment on the cigarette study.
D) They will pay more attention to the quality of their products.

Section B
Direction: In this section, you will hear two long conversations. At the end of each conversation, you will hear four questions. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

Conversation 1
M: And you know one thing that I wanted to ask you. It is great that you have had this experience of teaching in Indonesia and following up on what you just mentioned, what would you recommend for students who do not live in an English-speaking country? And, you know, they want to learn. I don’t know about perfecting but they want at least to be able to communicate decently. How can they go about this?
W: Yeah, it is really hard. That’s the real struggle because right now I do live in Holland but I really don’t socialize much with Dutch people. And my boyfriend’s English is so good that we just basically speak English all the time. So I have to make a real effort to practice. There’s as much listening exposure as I want. All I have to do is turn on the TV.
M: And reading also, right?
W: Yeah, reading. There’s plenty I can get to read and listen to. But for speaking, there really is no substitute for trying to speak and use the language in a relaxed atmosphere. So I think that is really the challenge for people who live in a country where their target language isn’t spoken. And for that, gosh, what would I do? If I didn’t have people here, probably try to find a club? In Sweden, they have a really cool system called study circles where not…It’s like a course, but really you just have a course leader, who is there, sort of, as a coaching guide and to help out. And you don’t get grade, and you go just because you want to learn.
Questions 8 to 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
Question 8: Where does the woman live right now?
Question 9: What does the woman say is the real challenge?
Question 10: What does the woman suggest doing to learn to speak a foreign language?
Question 11: What does the woman say about the study circles in Sweden?

8.
A) Indonesia.
B) Holland.
C) Sweden.
D) England.

9.
A) Getting a coach who can offer real help.
B) Talking with her boyfriend in Dutch.
C) Learning a language where it is not spoken.
D) Acquiring the necessary ability to socialize.

10.
A) Listening to language programs on the radio.
B) Trying to speak it as much as one can.
C) Making friends with native speakers.
D) Practicing reading aloud as often as possible.

11.
A) It creates an environment for socializing.
B) It offers various courses with credit points.
C) It trains young people’s leadership abilities.
D) It provides opportunities for language practice.

Conversation 2
W: OK, Nathan. So we are talking about driving and are there any rules or regulations that you’d like to change?
M: I’m not sure I want to change rules. But I’d like the police to be stricter on the rules. Like if people jump the traffic lights, I don’t know why there isn’t a camera at the traffic lights to stop people doing that. Or like speeding. It is very easy to put speed cameras in certain places.
W: Maybe car manufacturers should have some responsibility in limiting the power of their engines. What’s the point in producing an engine that is big and powerful enough to go like 200 km/h when the speed limit is only 100?
M: Right. But do you know there are no speed limits in Germany?
W: People there do drive responsibly, though. Often, people break laws simply because the laws are there. If the law isn’t there, people will drive within their ability range. When you’ve got speed limit, this creates situation that actually presents dangers on the road.
M: Do you think Germans have better education about personal responsibility when driving?
W: Possibly. They also have very good cars.
M: Right.
W: If you’ve got a good car that can go at high speed, then it’s really nice to do that.
M: But still with care.
W: So I think it is the restriction that creates the dangers sometimes.
M: OK.
W: Obviously, when driving through a residential area or where there is a school, you’ve got to have speed policeman.
M: Speed bumps.
W: Yes, speed bumps, those speed bumps that force you to slow down. I think they’re good idea.
M: So you don’t think fining people is useful?
W: Not really, because the police don’t have time to police every single driver.
Questions 12 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
Question 12: What are the speakers mainly talking about?
Question 13: What does the woman think car manufacturers could do?
Question 14: What can we learn about people driving in Germany?
Question 15: What does the woman think of the police fining drivers?

12.
A) The impact of engine design on road safety.
B) The role policemen play in traffic safety.
C) A sense of freedom driving gives.
D) Rules and regulations for driving.

13.
A) Make cars with automatic control.
B) Make cars that have better brakes.
C) Make cars that are less powerful.
D) Make cars with higher standards.

14.
A) They tend to drive responsibly.
B) They like to go at high speed.
C) They keep within speed limits.
D) They follow traffic rules closely.

15.
A) It is a bad idea.
B) It is not useful.
C) It is as effective as speed bumps.
D) It should be combined with education.

Section C
Direction: In this section, you will hear three passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear three or four questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

Passage 1
Behind the cash register at a store in downtown San Francisco, Sam Azar swiped his credit card to pay for a pack of cigarettes. The store’s card reader failed to scan the card’s magnetic strip. Azar tried again and again. No luck. As customers began to queue, Mr. Azar reached beneath the counter for a black plastic bag. He wrapped one layer of the plastic around the card and tried again. Success. The sale was completed. “I don’t know how it works. It just does.” said Mr. Azar who learned the trick from another clerk. Verifone, the company that makes the store’s card reader, would not confirm or deny that the plastic bag trick worked. But it’s one of many low-tech fixes for high-tech failures that people without engineering degrees have discovered often out of desperation, and shared. Today’s shaky economy is likely to produce many more such tricks. “In post-war Japan, the economy wasn’t doing so great so you couldn’t get everyday-use items like household cleaners,” says Lisa Katayama, author of Urawaza, a book named after the Japanese term for clever lifestyle tips and tricks. “So people looked for ways to do with what they had.” Today, Americans are finding their own tips and tricks for fixing malfunctioning devices with supplies as simple as paper and glue. Some, like Mr. Azar’s plastic bag, are open to argument as to how they work or whether they really work at all. But many tech home remedies can be explained by a little science.
Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard.
Question 16: What happened when Sam Azar swiped his credit card to pay for his purchase?
Question 17: How did Sam Azar manage to complete the sale?
Question 18: What is today’s shaky economy likely to do?

16.
A) The card got damaged.
B) The card was found invalid.
C) The card reader failed to do the scanning.
D) The card reader broke down unexpectedly.

17.
A) By covering the credit card with a layer of plastic.
B) By calling the credit card company for confirmation.
C) By seeking help from the card reader maker Verifone.
D) By typing the credit card number into the cash register.

18.
A) Affect the sales of high-tech appliances.
B) Change the lifestyle of many Americans.
C) Give birth to many new technological inventions.
D) Produce many low-tech fixes for high-tech failures.

Passage 2
If you are a graduate student, you may depend on your adviser for many things, including help with improving grades, acquiring financial support, forming an examining committee and getting letters of recommendation. If you are a graduate teaching assistant, your adviser also may be your “boss”. Academic departments vary in their procedures for assigning academic advisers to graduate students. In some departments, either the chairman or the director of graduate studies serves for at least the first semester as a new student adviser. Then students select an adviser, based on shared academic interests. In other departments, a new student is assigned a faculty adviser based on some system of distribution of the department’s “advising load”. Later, students may have the opportunity of selecting the adviser that they prefer. In any case, new graduate students can learn who their advisers or temporary advisers are by visiting or emailing the departmental office and asking for the information. Graduation requirements specify the number of credits you must earn, the minimum grade point average you must achieve and the distribution of credits you must have from among differing departments or fields of study. In addition, it is necessary to apply for graduation when you near that time that you will be completing your graduation requirements. Since graduation requirements vary among divisions of the university, you should consult the Bulletin of Information. You should also direct your questions to your departmental office or academic adviser.
Questions 19 to 21 are based on the passage you have just heard.
Question 19: What does the speaker say about the procedures for assigning academic advisers?
Question 20: How can new graduate students learn who their advisers are?
Question 21: What does the speaker say about graduation requirements?

19.
A) They are set by the dean of the graduate school.
B) They are determined by the advising board.
C) They leave much room for improvement.
D) They vary among different departments.

20.
A) By consulting the examining committee.
B) By reading the Bulletin of Information.
C) By contacting the departmental office.
D) By visiting the university’s website.

21.
A) They specify the number of credits students must earn.
B) They are harder to meet than those for undergraduates.
C) They have to be approved by the examining committee.
D) They are the same among various divisions of the university.

Passage 3
Jody Hubbard is a diet and nutrition expert who travels around the state to speak in middle and high schools. She primarily speaks to students in health classes, but sometimes the school will arrange for her to speak to several different groups of girls. Her biggest concern is the emphasis American culture places on thinness and the negative way that affects girls today. Jody has a Ph.D. in nutrition, but, more important, she has personal experience. Her mother taught her to diet when she was only 8 years old. Jody has created several different presentations, which she gives to different types of audiences and she tries to establish an emotional connection with the students so that they will feel comfortable asking questions or talking to her privately. She shows them pictures and images from popular culture of beautiful women and explains how computers are used to make the women look even more thin and “beautiful” than they are in real life. She describes how the definition of beauty has changed over the years and even from culture to culture. She then talks about health issues and the physical damage that can occur as a result of dieting. Finally, she addresses self-respect and the notion that a person’s sense of beauty must include more than how much a person weighs. Sometimes Jody feels that she succeeds in persuading some students to stop dieting, other times she feels that she fails.
Questions 22 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.
Question 22: Who does Jody Hubbard primarily speak to?
Question 23: What is Jody Hubbard’s biggest concern about American culture?
Question 24: Why does Jody Hubbard show pictures of beautiful women to her audiences?
Question 25: What is Jody Hubbard’s main purpose in giving her speeches?

22.
A) Students majoring in nutrition.
B) Students in health classes.
C) Ph.D. candidates in dieting.
D) Middle and high school teachers.

23.
A) Its overestimate of the effect of dieting.
B) Its mistaken conception of nutrition.
C) Its changing criteria for beauty.
D) Its overemphasis on thinness.

24.
A) To illustrate her point that beauty is but skin deep.
B) To demonstrate the magic effect of dieting on women.
C) To explain how computer images can be misleading.
D) To prove that technology has impacted our culture.

25.
A) To persuade girls to stop dieting.
B) To promote her own concept of beauty.
C) To establish an emotional connection with students.
D) To help students rid themselves of bad living habits.

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2016年06月英语四级第3套听力原文及题目

2016年06月英语四级第3套听力原文及题目

Section A
Direction: In this section, you will hear three news reports. At the end of each news report, you will hear two or three questions. Both the news report and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

News Report 1
Officials in Thailand found 40 dead tiger cubs at a Buddhist temple accused of animal abuse. The dead cubs were discovered Wednesday in a freezer at the temple, west of Bangkok. Authorities found them while removing dozens of mostly full-grown live tigers from the temple grounds. Officials said the cubs appeared to be about a week old. It was not known why they were in the freezer, where temple staff kept food. Monks have been operating an unsanctioned zoo, called Tiger Temple. Tourists paid money to view and take pictures with the tigers and other exotic animals. Thai authorities plan to file charges against the temple for illegally possessing endangered species.
Questions 1 and 2 are based on the news report you have just heard.
Question 1: What do we learn from the news report?
Question 2: How old were the tiger cubs?

1.
A) This incident occurred in Tibet.
B) The dead cubs were found in the front of a temple.
C) Some tiger cubs were dead because of abuse.
D) The reason why they were in the freezer was clear.

2.
A) About 2 weeks.
B) About 7 days.
C) About 1 year.
D) About 40 days.

News Report 2
Switzerland has opened the world’s longest and deepest railway tunnel, 17 years after starting work on the project. The Gotthard Railway Tunnel is 57 kilometers long. Trains passing through it will be about 2.3 kilometers underground at the deepest point. The tunnel cost $12 billion to build under the Alps of central Switzerland. The tunnel will reduce the time it takes trains to travel between northern and southern Europe. It is also expected to lower the number of vehicles on roads, and move cargo between north and south. The two-way tunnel opens for commercial service in December. When that happens, up to 260 freight trains and 65 passenger trains will be able to pass through it every day.
Questions 3 and 4 are based on the news report you have just heard.
Question 3: How many kilometers is the world’s longest and deepest railway tunnel?
Question 4: What advantages can the tunnel bring to Europe?

3.
A) 17.
B) 2.3.
C) 57.
D) 12.

4.
A) It can reduce the time to travel.
B) It can reduce the vehicles on roads.
C) It can move cargo between north and south.
D) All of A、B and C.

News Report 3
A Japanese boy named Yamato Tanooka remains missing four days after his parents abandoned him as a punishment, police said. Japan’s military joined the search Wednesday for the 7-year-old boy missing in a forest in northern Japan. But on Wednesday night, the boy still had not been found. About 275 soldiers, police and volunteers searched for him Wednesday. The boy has been missing since Saturday, when his parents made him get out of their car to punish him for throwing rocks at cars and people, according to police. Kyodo News Service said police are looking into whether the parents should be charged with child abandonment. Child psychiatrists said even a threat of leaving a child behind is child abuse because of the stress it creates. Police said the boy’s father, Takayuki Tanooka, returned to the area to look for his son a few minutes later, but could not find him. Tanooka first told police his son disappeared while the family was picking vegetables. He later said that he and his wife had punished their son for bad behavior.
Questions 5 to 7 are based on the news report you have just heard.
Question 5: How was the boy missing?
Question 6: Who searched for the boy four days after his parents abandoned him?
Question 7: When was the boy missing?

5.
A) He was abandoned by his parents.
B) He got lost in the forest.
C) He went far to drink water.
D) It wasn’t mentioned.

6.
A) The boy’s father.
B) Soldiers, police and volunteers.
C) Japan’s military.
D) Child psychiatrists.

7.
A) On Wednesday night.
B) A few minutes later.
C) Wednesday.
D) Since Saturday.

Section B
Direction: In this section, you will hear two long conversations. At the end of each conversation, you will hear four questions. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

Conversation 1
W: Hello, Parkson College. May I help you?
M: Yes. I’m looking for information on courses in computer programming. I would need it for the fall semester.
W: Do you want a day or evening course?
M: Well, it would have to be an evening course since I work during the day.
W: Aha. Have you taken any courses in data processing?
M: No.
W: Oh. Well, data processing is a course you have to take before you can take computer programming.
M: Oh, I see. Well, when is it given? I hope it’s not on Thursdays.
W: Well, there’s a class that meets on Monday evenings at seven.
M: Just once a week?
W: Yes. But that’s almost three hours from seven to nine forty-five.
M: Oh. Well, that’s alright. I could manage that. How many weeks does the course last?
W: Mmmm, let me see. Twelve weeks. You start the first week in September, and finish, oh, just before Christmas. December 21st.
M: And how much is the course?
W: That’s three hundred dollars including the necessary computer time.
M: Aha. Okay. Ah, where do I go to register?
W: Registration is on the second and third of September, between 6:00 and 9:00 in Frost Hall.
M: Is that the round building behind the parking lot?
W: Yes. That’s the one.
M: Oh, I know how to get there. Is there anything that I should bring with me?
W: No, just your checkbook.
M: Well, thank you so much.
W: You are very welcome. Bye!
M: Bye!
Questions 8 to 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
Question 8: Why does the man choose to take an evening course?
Question 9: What does the man have to do before taking the course of computer programming?
Question 10: What do we learn about the schedule of the evening course?
Question 11: What does the man want to know at the end of the conversation?

8.
A) He prefers the smaller evening classes.
B) He has signed up for a day course.
C) He has to work during the day.
D) He finds the evening course cheaper.

9.
A) Learn a computer language.
B) Learn data processing.
C) Buy some computer software.
D) Buy a few coursebooks.

10.
A) Thursday evening, from 7:00 to 9:45.
B) From September 1 to New Year’s eve.
C) Every Monday, lasting for 12 weeks.
D) Three hours a week, 45 hours in total.

11.
A) What to bring for registration.
B) Where to attend the class.
C) How he can get to Frost Hall.
D) Whether he can use a check.

Conversation 2
W: So why exactly does your job have a reputation for being stressful?
M: Stress is generally driven by the feeling of being out of control of a situation and the feeling of a situation controlling you. Trading in financial markets combines both.
W: How do you relax in the evening?
M: I very rarely do anything work-related so it’s easy to escape “The Markets”. I generally go to the gym or go for a run, especially if I’ve had a bad day. I always cook a meal rather than have a take-away to do something my brain would regard as creative.
W: Do you think what you do to relax is an effective way to beat stress?
M: I don’t think there’s a specific rule about how to beat stress. I generally find that what I do is effective for me.
W: Would you consider changing your job because of the high stress factor?
M: I have considered leaving my job due to stress-related factors. However, I do think that an element of stress is a good thing, and if used the right way, can actually be a positive thing.
W: What do you enjoy about the stressful aspects of your job?
M: Having said all that, I do actually enjoy an element of uncertainty. I enjoy a mental challenge. Trading generates a wide range of emotions second by second. How you deal with and manage those emotions, dictates short, medium and long term trading performance and success.
Questions 12 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
Question 12: What is the man’s job?
Question 13: Why does the man prefer to cook a meal rather than have a take-away?
Question 14: What does the man say about an element of stress in his job?
Question 15: What does the man enjoy about the stressful parts of his job?

12.
A) A training coach.
B) A trading adviser.
C) A professional manager.
D) A financial trader.

13.
A) He can save on living expenses.
B) He considers cooking creative.
C) He can enjoy healthier food.
D) He thinks take-away is tasteless.

14.
A) It is something inevitable.
B) It is frustrating sometimes.
C) It takes patience to manage.
D) It can be a good thing.

15.
A ) The element of uncertainty and the mental challenge.
B ) The element of certainty and physical challenge.
C) The way he deals with all kinds of emotions.
D) The success that his stressful job brings about.

Section C
Direction: In this section, you will hear three passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear three or four questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

Passage 1
Since early times, people have been fascinated with the idea of life existing somewhere else besides earth. Until recently, scientists believed that life on other planets was just a hopeful dream. But now they are beginning to locate places where life could form. In 1997, they saw evidence of planets near other stars like the sun. But scientists now think that life could be even nearer in our own solar system. One place scientists are studying very closely is Europa, a moon of Jupiter. Space probes have provided evidence that Europa has a large ocean under its surface. The probes have also made scientists think that under its surface Europa has a rocky core giving off volcanic heat. Water and heat from volcanic activity are two basic conditions needed for life to form. A third is certain basic chemicals such as carbon, oxygen and nitrogen. Scientists believe there might be such chemicals lying at the bottom of Europa’s ocean. They may have already created life, or may be about to. You may wonder if light is also needed for life to form. Until recently, scientists thought that light was essential. But now, places have been found on earth that are in total blackness, such as caves several miles beneath the surface, and bacteria, primitive forms of life, have been seen there. So the lack of light in Europa’s subsurface ocean doesn’t automatically rule out life forming.
Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard.
Question 16: What did scientists once believe according to the passage?
Question 17: What have scientists found about Europa, a moon of Jupiter?
Question 18: What scientists come to know recently about the formation of life?

16.
A) There were no planets without moons.
B) There was no air or water on Jupiter.
C) Life was not possible in outer space.
D) The mystery of life could not be resolved.

17.
A) It has a number of active volcanoes.
B) It has an atmosphere like the earth’s.
C) It has a large ocean under its surface.
D) It has deep caves several miles long.

18.
A) Light is not an essential element to it.
B) Life can form in very hot temperatures.
C) Every form of life undergoes evolution.
D) Oxygen is not needed for some life forms.

Passage 2
In her early days as an emergency room physician, Dr. Joanna Meyer treated a child who had suffered a second degree burn. After the child had been treated, and was being prepared for discharge, Dr. Meyer talked to the parents about how they should care for the child at home. Also listening to her were a half dozen other family members. A few hours later, when she came to say goodbye, the family asked her to settle an argument they’ve been having over exactly what advice she had given. “As I talked to them, I was amazed,” she said. “All of them had heard the simple instructions I had given just a few hours before. But they had three or four different versions. The most basic details were unclear and confusing. I was surprised, because these were intelligent people.” This episode gave Dr. Meyer her first clue to something every doctor learns sooner or later — most people just don’t listen very well. Nowadays, she says, she repeats her instructions, and even conducts a reality check with some patients: she asks them to tell her what they think they’re supposed to do. She also provides take-home sheets, which are computer printouts tailored to the patients’ situation. Dr. Meyer’s listeners are not unusual. When new or difficult material is presented, almost all listeners are faced with a challenge because human speech lacks the stability and permanence of the printed word. Oral communication is fast-moving and impermanent.
Questions 19 to 21 are based on the passage you have just heard.
Question 19: What did the child’s family members argue about in the hospital?
Question 20: What does Dr. Meyer do to ensure her patients understand her instructions?
Question 21: What does the speaker say about human speech?

19.
A) Whether they should take the child home.
B) What Dr. Meyer’s instructions exactly were.
C) Who should take care of the child at home.
D) When the child would completely recover.

20.
A) She encourages them to ask questions when in doubt.
B) She makes them write down all her instructions.
C) She has them act out what they are to do at home.
D) She asks them to repeat what they are supposed to do.

21.
A) It lacks the stability of the printed word.
B) It contains many grammatical errors.
C) It is heavily dependent on the context.
D) It facilitates interpersonal communication.

Passage 3
It is logical to suppose that things like good labour relations, good working conditions, good wages and benefits, and job security motivate workers. But one expert, Frederick Herzberg argued that such conditions do not motivate workers. They are merely “satisfiers”. “Motivators”, in contrast, include things such as having a challenging and interesting job, recognition and responsibility. However, even with the development of computers and robotics, there are always plenty of boring, repetitive and mechanical jobs, and lots of unskilled people who have to do them. So how do managers motivate people in such jobs? One solution is to give them some responsibilities, not as individuals but as part of a team. For example, some supermarkets combine office staff, the people who fill the shelves, and the people who work at the checkout into a team, and let them decide what product lines to stock, how to display them, and so on. Many people now talk about the importance of a company’s shared values or culture, with which all the staff can identify: for example, being the best hotel chain, or making the best, the most user-friendly or the most reliable products in a particular field. Such values are more likely to motivate workers than financial targets, which ultimately only concern a few people. Unfortunately, there is only a limited number of such goals to go round, and by definition, not all the competing companies in an industry can seriously claim to be the best.
Questions 22 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.
Question 22: What can actually motivate workers according to Frederick Herzberg?
Question 23: What does the speaker say about jobs in the computer era?
Question 24: What do some supermarkets do to motivate their employees?
Question 25: Why does the speaker say financial targets are less likely to motivate workers?

22.
A) Job security.
B) Good labour relations.
C) Challenging work.
D) Attractive wages and benefits.

23.
A) Many tedious jobs continue to be done manually.
B) More and more unskilled workers will lose jobs.
C) Computers will change the nature of many jobs.
D) Boring jobs will gradually be made enjoyable.

24.
A) Offer them chances of promotion.
B) Improve their working conditions.
C) Encourage them to compete with each other.
D) Give them responsibilities as part of a team.

25.
A) They will not bring real benefits to the staff.
B) They concern a small number of people only.
C) They are arbitrarily set by the administrators.
D) They are beyond the control of ordinary workers.

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2016年12月英语四级第1套听力原文及题目

2016年12月英语四级第1套听力原文及题目

Section A
Direction: In this section, you will hear three news reports. At the end of each news report, you will hear two or three questions. Both the news report and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

News Report 1
A 16th century castle in Scotland is close to collapsing after lumps of soil were washed away by floods, threatening its foundations. On Sunday, the castle’s owner John Gordon, 76, was forced to move out of his property after the River Dee swept away about 60 feet of land, leaving the castle dangerously close to the river, according to the Scottish Daily Record. Abergeldie Castle, located in Aberdeenshire, Scotland, was built by Sir Alexander Gordon of Midmar who later became the Earl of Huntly. The castle, which is located on 11,700 acres, was leased to members of the royal family between 1848 and 1970, including King Edward VII and George V. The Scottish Environment Protection Agency has issued more than 35 flood warnings covering several regions, as Scotland continues to clean up after Storm Frank hit the country last Wednesday. “This means that rivers will rise more slowly, but then stay high for much longer, ” the environmental agency said.
Questions 1 and 2 are based on the news report you have just heard.
Question 1: Why did John Gordon move out of the Abergeldie Castle?
Question 2: What happened in Scotland last Wednesday?

1.
A. It was dangerous to live in.
B. It was going to be renovated.
C. He could no longer pay the rent.
D. He had sold it to the royal family.

2.
A. A strike.
B. A storm.
C. A forest fire.
D. A terrorist attack.

News Report 2
Rescue efforts were underway Thursday morning for 17 miners who were stuck in an elevator below ground at a Cargill rock salt mine near Lansing, New York, according to Marcia Lynch, Public information officer with Tompkins County’s Emergency Response Department. Emergency workers have made contact with the miners via a radio, and they all appear to be uninjured, said Jessica Verfuss, the emergency department’s assistant director. Crews have managed to provide heat packs and blankets to the miners so that they can keep warm during the rescue operation, Verfuss said. Details about what led to the workers’ being trapped in the elevator weren’t immediately available. The mine, along New York’s Cayuga Lake, processes salt used for road treatment. It produces about 2 million tons of salt that is shipped to more than 1,500 places in the northeastern United States. The rock salt mine is one of three operated by Cargill with the other two in Louisiana and Ohio.
Questions 3 and 4 are based on the news report you have just heard.
Question 3: What does the news report say about the salt miners?
Question 4: What did the rescue team do?

3.
A. They lost contact with the emergency department.
B. They were trapped in an underground elevator.
C. They were injured by suddenly falling rocks.
D. They sent calls for help via a portable radio.

4.
A. They tried hard to repair the elevator.
B. They released the details of the accident.
C. They sent supplies to keep the miners warm.
D. They provided the miners with food and water.

News Report 3
The U.S. Postal Service announced today that it is considering closing about 3,700 post offices over the next year because of falling revenues. Facing an $8.3 billion budget deficit this year, closing post offices is one of several proposals the Postal Service has put forth recently to cut costs. Last week, for example, Postmaster General Pat Donahoe announced plans to stop mail delivery on Saturdays, a move he says could save $3 billion annually. “We are losing revenue as we speak,” Donahoe said. “We do not want taxpayer money. We want to be self-sufficient. So like any other business, you have to make choices.” Dean Granholm, the vice president for delivery and post office operations, said the first waves of closings would begin this fall. He estimated that about 3,000 postmasters, 500 station managers and between 500 and 1,000 postal clerks could lose their jobs.
Questions 5 to 7 are based on the news report you have just heard.
Question 5: What is the U.S. Postal Service planning to do?
Question 6: What measure has been planned to save costs?
Question 7: What will happen when the proposed measure come into effect?

5.
A. Raise postage rates.
B. Improve its services.
C. Redesign delivery routes.
D. Close some of its post offices.

6.
A. Shortening business hours.
B. Closing offices on holidays.
C. Stopping mail delivery on Saturdays.
D. Computerizing mall sorting processes.

7.
A. Many post office staff will lose their jobs.
B. Many people will begin to complain.
C. Taxpayers will be very pleased.
D. A lot of controversy will arise.

Section B
Direction: In this section, you will hear two long conversations. At the end of each conversation, you will hear four questions. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

Conversation 1
M: Mrs. Hampton, we’ve got trouble in the press room this morning.
W: Oh dear, what about?
M: One of the press operators arrived an hour and a haft late.
W: But that’s a straightforward affair. He will simply lose part of his pay. That’s why we have a clock in system.
M: But the point is the man was clocked in at 8 o’clock. We have John standing by the time clock, and he swears he saw nothing irregular.
W: Is John reliable?
M: Yes, he is. That’s why we chose him for the job.
W: Have you spoken to the man who was late?
M: Not yet. I thought I’d have a word with you first. He’s a difficult man, and I think there’s been some trouble on the shop floor. I’ve got a feeling that the trade union representative is behind this. The manager told me that Jack Green’s been very active around the shop the last few days.
W: Well, what do you want me to do?
M: I was wondering if you’d see Smith — the man who was late — because you are so much better at handling things like this.
W: Oh, alright. I’ll see him. I must say I agree with you about there being bad feelings in the workers. I’ve had the idea for some time that Jack Green’s been busy stirring things up in connection with the latest wage claim. He’s always trying to make trouble. Well, I’ll get the manager to send Smith up here.
Questions 8 to 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
Question 8: What will happen to the press operator who was late for the work according to the woman?
Question 9: What does the man say about John who stands by the time clock?
Question 10: Why does the man suggest the woman see the worker who was late?
Question 11: What does the woman say about Jack Green?

8.
A. He will be kept from promotion.
B. He will go through retraining.
C. He will be given a warning.
D. He will lose part of his pay.

9.
A. He is always on time.
B. He is a trustworthy guy.
C. He is an experienced press operator.
D. He is on good terms with his workmates.

10.
A. She is a trade union representative.
B. She is in charge of public relations.
C. She is a senior manager of the shop.
D. She is better at handling such matters.

11.
A. He is skilled and experienced.
B. He is very close to the manager.
C. He is always trying to stir up trouble.
D. He is always complaining about low wages.

Conversation 2
W: Our topic today is about something that foreigners nearly always say when they visit Britain. It’s “Why are the British so cold?” And they’re talking about the British personality — the famous British “reserve”. It means that we aren’t very friendly … we aren’t very open.
M: So, do you think it’s true?
W: It’s a difficult one. So many people who visit Britain say it’s difficult to make friends with British people. They say we’re cold, reserved, unfriendly …
M: I think it’s true. Look at Americans or Australians. They speak the same language, but they’re much more open. And you see it when you travel, people — I mean strangers — speak to you on the street or on the train. British people seldom speak on the train, or the bus. Not in London, anyway.
W: “Not in London”. That’s it. Capital cities are full of tourists and are never friendly. People are different in other parts of the country.
M: Not completely. I met a woman once, an Italian. She’d been working in Manchester for two years, and no one — not one of her colleagues — had ever invited her to their home. They were friendly to her at work, but nothing else. She couldn’t believe it. She said that would never happen in Italy.
W: You know what they say — “an Englishman’s home is his castle”. It’s really difficult to get inside.
M: Yeah. It’s about being private. You go home to your house and your garden and you close the door. It’s your place.
W: That’s why the British don’t like flats. They prefer to live in houses.
M: That’s true.
Questions 12 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
Question 12: What do foreigners generally think of British people according to the woman?
Question 13: What may British people typically do on a train according to the man?
Question 14: What does the man say about the Italian woman working in Manchester?
Question 15: Why do British people prefer houses to flats?

12.
A. Open.
B. Friendly.
C. Selfish.
D. Reserved.

13.
A. They stay quiet.
B. They read a book.
C. They talk about the weather.
D. They chat with fellow passengers.

14.
A. She was always treated as a foreigner.
B. She was eager to visit an English castle.
C. She was never invited to a colleague’s home.
D. She was unwilling to make friends with workmates.

15.
A. Houses are much more quiet.
B. Houses provide more privacy.
C. They want to have more space.
D. They want a garden of their own.

Section C
Direction: In this section, you will hear three passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear three or four questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

Passage 1
In college, time is scarce, and consequently, very precious. At the same time, expenses in college pile up surprisingly quickly. A part-time job is a good way to balance costs while ensuring there is enough time left over for both academic subjects and after-class activities. If you are a college student looking for a part-time job, the best place to start your job search is right on campus. There are tons of on-campus job opportunities, and as a student, you’ll automatically be given hiring priority. Plus, on-campus jobs eliminate commuting time, and could be a great way to connect with academic and professional resources at your university. Check with your school’s careers service or employment office for help to find a campus job. Of course, there are opportunities for part-time work off-campus, too. If you spend a little time digging for the right part-time jobs, you’ll save yourself time–when you find a job that leaves you with enough time–to get your school work done, too. If you are a college student looking for work but worried you won’t have enough time to devote to academic subjects, consider working as a study hall or library monitor. Responsibilities generally include supervising study spaces to ensure that a quiet atmosphere is maintained. It’s a pretty easy job, but one with lots of downtime which means you’ll have plenty of time to catch up on reading, do homework or study for an exam.
Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard.
Question 16: What does the speaker say about college students applying for on-campus jobs?
Question 17: What can students do to find a campus job according to the speaker?
Question 18: What does the speaker say is a library monitor’s responsibility?

16.
A. They don’t have much choice of jobs.
B. They are likely to get much higher pay.
C. They don’t have to go through job interviews.
D. They will automatically be given hiring priority.

17.
A. Ask their professors for help.
B. Look at school bulletin boards.
C. Visit the school careers service.
D. Go through campus newspapers.

18.
A. Helping students find the books and journals they need.
B. Supervising study spaces to ensure a quiet atmosphere.
C. Helping students arrange appointments with librarians.
D. Providing students with information about the library.

Passage 2
Agricultural workers in green tea fields near Mt. Kenya are gathering the tea leaves. It is beautiful to see. The rows of tea bushes are straight. All appears to be well. But the farmers who planted the bushes are worried. Nelson Kibara is one of them. He has been growing tea in the Kerugoya area for 40 years. He says the prices this year have been so low that he has made almost no profit. He says he must grow different kinds of tea if he is to survive. Mr. Kibara and hundreds of other farmers have been removing some of their tea bushes and planting a new kind of tea developed by the Tea Research Foundation of Kenya. Its leaves are purple and brown. When the tea is boiled, the drink has a purple color. Medical researchers have studied the health benefits of the new tea. They say it is healthier than green tea and could be sold for a price that is three to four times higher than the price of green tea. But Mr. Kibara says he has not received a higher price for his purple tea crop. He says the market for the tea is unstable. And he is often forced to sell his purple tea for the same price as green tea leaves. He says there are not enough buyers willing to pay more for the purple tea.
Questions 19 to 21 are based on the passage you have just heard.
Question 19: Why have tea farmers in Kenya decided to grow purple tea?
Question 20: What do researchers say about purple tea?
Question 21: What does Mr. Kibara find about purple tea?

19.
A. It tastes better.
B. It is easier to grow.
C. It may be sold at a higher price.
D. It can better survive extreme weathers.

20.
A. It is healthier than green tea.
B. It can grow in drier soil.
C. It will replace green tea one day.
D. It is immune to various diseases.

21.
A. It has been well received by many tea drinkers.
B. It does not bring the promised health benefits.
C. It has made tea farmers’ life easier.
D. It does not have a stable market.

Passage 3
Today’s consumers want beautiful handcrafted objects to wear and to have for their home environment. They prefer something unique and they demand quality. Craftsmen today are meeting this demand. People and homes are showing great change as more and more unique handcrafted items become available. Handicrafts are big business. No longer does a good craftsman have to work in a job he dislikes all day, and then tries to create at night. He has earned his professional status. He is now a respected member of society. Part of the fun of being a craftsman is meeting other craftsmen. They love to share their ideas and materials and help others find markets for their work. Craftsmen have helped educate consumers to make wise choices. They help them become aware of design and technique. They help them relate their choice to its intended use. They often involve consumers in trying the craft themselves. When a group of craftsmen expands to include more members, a small craft organization is formed. Such an organization does a lot in training workshops in special media, crafts marketing techniques, crafts fairs and sales, festivals, TV appearances and demonstrations. State art councils help sponsor local arts and crafts festivals which draw crowds of tourist consumers. This boosts the local economy considerably because tourists not only buy crafts, but they also use the restaurants and hotels and other services of the area.
Questions 22 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.
Question 22: What does the speaker say about today’s consumers?
Question 23: What does the speaker say about good craftsmen in the past?
Question 24: What do craftsmen help consumers do?
Question 25: Why do state art councils help sponsor local arts and crafts festivals?

22.
A. They need decorations to show their status.
B. They prefer unique objects of high quality.
C. They decorate their homes themselves.
D. They care more about environment.

23.
A. They were proud of their creations.
B. They could only try to create at night.
C. They made great contributions to society.
D. They focused on the quality of their products.

24.
A. Make wise choices.
B. Identify fake crafts.
C. Design handicrafts themselves.
D. Learn the importance of creation.

25.
A. To boost the local economy.
B. To attract foreign investments.
C. To arouse public interest in crafts.
D. To preserve the traditional culture.

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